“Got me a movie, I want you know, Slicing up eyeballs, I want you to know”. The movie that Black Francis wants you to know about on Debaser, the opening track of the 1989 album, Doolittle, is Un Chien Andalou, a 15 minute long silent movie by Surrealist painter Salvador Dali and Surrealist filmmaker Louis Brunel made in 1929. Un Chien Andalou was the pair’s first film and became very popular after its first showing in Paris, running for 8 months. The film’s premiere was attended by Pablo Picasso, Le Corbusier, Jean Cocteau, Christian Berard and George Auric, as well a vast majority of Andre Breton’s Surrealist group.
The film has no discernible plot, with a disjointed chronology jumping from “Once upon a time” to “8 months later” with tenuously related scenes in a dream-like narrative structure. The most famous line in the Pixies’ Debaser, “Slicing up eyeballs” is a reference to the film’s equally famous opening scene in which a woman’s eyeball is cut by a straight razor.
In Debaser, Black Francis changes the name of the original movie, Un Chien Andalou, to “Un Chien Andalusia” because he thought that ‘Andalou’ ”sounded too French”. Un Chien Andalou means “An Andalusian Dog” in French. As expected of both Salvador Dali and Louis Brunel, Un Chien Andalou was a highly experimental film, quite unlike anything the cinema audience of that time had seen before. The film was seen to debase morality and the art community of the time, hence the title of the Pixies’ song, Debaser. According to Black Francis, the earliest version of Debaser featured the line “Shed, Apollonia!” instead of “Un Chien Andalusia”, in reference to a scene in the Prince film Purple Rain (1984). Talking about Debaser with a Spanish magazine following the release of Doolittle, the songwriter said:
“I wish Brunel was still alive. He made this film about nothing in particular. The title itself is nonsense. With my stupid, pseudo-scholar, naive, enthusiastic, avant-garde-ish, amateurish way to watch Un Chien Andalou (twice), I thought, ‘Yeah, I will make a song about it’. (He sings:) “Un chien andalou” … It sounds too French, so I will sing “un chien Andalusia”, it sounds good, no?”
The lines “I wanna grow up to be a debaser” are telling of Francis’ desire to subvert the world of rock music in the same way that Dali and Brunel subverted the visual art world. This was feat that the Pixies continually managed, particularly on their earlier albums such as the Come On Pilgrim mini album (1987), Surfer Rosa (1988) and the aforementioned Doolittle, with their oddly twisted tales of sex, incest, reincarnation, mutilation, death and disease as well as bizarre spins on Biblical stories and plots from films, all carried out with a distinctly Surrealist feel. The Doolittle album is very much influenced by Surrealism, something that heavily influenced Black Francis during his college years. In a 1989 interview with the New York Times, he said of Surrealism:
“I got into avant-garde movies and Surrealism as an escape from reality … To me, Surrealism is totally artificial. I recently read an interview with the director David Lynch who said he had ideas and images but he didn’t know exactly what they meant. That’s how I write”.